Re-use, recycle, repair for the packaging industry

The EU action plan for a circular economy: transforming waste using europallets


The European Union's Circular Economy Action Plan ("Green Deal") is an important step towards a more sustainable and resource-efficient future. At the heart of this initiative is the principle "repair, re-use, recycle", which aims to reduce waste and minimize the environmental impact of our consumption. One of the most interesting discussions in this context revolves around the multiple use of Europallets and the legislation surrounding them.

This blog post explores the role of Europallets within the circular economy and the evolving legislative framework for pallet reuse. It also highlights the importance of pallet quality for successful reuse, especially in the case of Europallets.

Understanding the circular economy action plan

The EU Circular Economy Action Plan, launched in 2020, is a comprehensive strategy aimed at transforming the way we produce, consume and dispose of goods. It aims to decouple economic growth from resource consumption, reduce waste and promote sustainability. Repair, re-use and recycle are the cornerstones of this plan and its application to Europallets shows how keen the EU is on promoting a circular economy.

  1. Repair: The first ›R' encourages repairing products and materials rather than throwing them away. In the context of Europallets, this means extending the life of these wooden pallets through maintenance and refurbishment.
  2. Re-use: Product reuse is the second ›R' and fits perfectly with the concept of Europallets. These standardized wooden pallets are designed to be used repeatedly, reducing the need for constant replacement. Approximately 2 million pallets are reused each year, whether or not after being repaired. A pallet can be used 5 to 10 times.
  3. Recycle: Finally, recycling emphasizes the responsible disposal of products at the end of their life cycle, ensuring that they are converted into new materials or products. In the case of Europallets, the recycling of wooden pallets can contribute to even greater sustainability (e.g., fuel for biomass plants) within the circular economy.

The EU's commitment to Europallets

Europallets, also known as EUR pallets, are a common item in logistics and supply chain operations throughout Europe. These standardized 1200 x 800 mm wooden pallets are durable, robust and multi-purpose. Europallets play an important role in the circular economy because of their reusability and recyclability.

The EU has recognized the potential of Europallets for promoting the principles of the Circular Economy Action Plan. In line with the plan's objectives, several legislations have been developed to encourage the reuse of these pallets. The most prominent regulations are:

  1. Europallet exchange system: The EU has supported the development of an exchange system for Europallets. This system allows companies to return used pallets to the point of origin, promoting a reuse mentality within the logistics sector. It also minimizes the need for constant pallet production, saving resources. Pallet Control Tower Online goes one step further by "virtual exchange" thanks to its in-house developed e-Credit system.
  2. Quality standards: The EU has introduced quality standards for Europallets to ensure they are sustainable. These standards help maintain the quality of pallets and extend their life, thus promoting the "reuse" aspect of the circular economy. The EPAL certification system is a result of this standard.
  3. Packaging and pallet regulations: EU packaging and pallet regulations require companies to optimize the use of pallets and packaging materials. This reduces waste and ensures maximum utilization of Europallets.

The discussion of mandatory reuse

There are ongoing discussions about making it mandatory to reuse pallets, such as Europallets. And thus ending the one-time use of pallets. It is an important issue within the circular economy. Making reuse mandatory would have several positive effects:

  1. Less consumption of resources: Mandatory reuse would minimize the production of new pallets, saving valuable resources such as wood and reducing the environmental impact of production. Disposable / single-use pallets should be banned.
  2. Cost Savings: Companies that need pallets can save on their procurement costs if they consistently reuse Europallets. This should be a major financial incentive for companies to adopt reuse as standard practice.
  3. Waste Reduction: By making reuse mandatory, a significant reduction in pallet waste and associated disposal costs can be achieved.

The importance of pallet quality

To meet the goals of the EU Circular Economy Action Plan and possible legislation for mandatory reuse, the quality of Europallets is of utmost importance. Europallets have quality standards, made to last, so they can be reused many times. Like EPAL's Europallets with their mandatory quality standards.

Factors that contribute to the quality of Europallets include:

  1. Wood type: high-quality Europallets are usually made of hardwood, such as mid-European spruce, which is more durable and resilient than softwood.
  2. Accuracy of dimensions: Europallets must conform to standard dimensions to be compatible with logistics systems and automated handling equipment. Increasingly, automated warehouses are demanding this accuracy in dimensions.
  3. Treatment and maintenance: Proper handling, such as heat treatment (ISPM 15), and regular maintenance, including inspection and repair, are essential to extending the life of Europallets.
  4. Carrying capacity: Europallets must have a certified load capacity to withstand the demands of different industries and supply chains.
  5. Marking and traceability: Pallets must be clearly marked and traceable to facilitate the exchange system and compliance with quality standards. PCT Online can be such a system.

The role of companies

Businesses have a crucial role to play in supporting the EU Circular Economy Action Plan and possible recycling legislation. Here are some ways they can contribute:

  1. Purchasing practices: When purchasing pallets, give preference to Europallets that meet EU quality standards. This ensures that your supply chain benefits from sustainable pallets designed for reuse. Check the EPAL and/or PCT Online websites for more information.
  2. Maintenance: Implement maintenance procedures to extend the life of your Europallets, reducing the need to replace them. EPAL depots are equipped to do this.
  3. Participate in the exchange system: Participate in the Europallet exchange system to facilitate the reuse (Collection, Delivery and Matching) of pallets within your supply chain. By using PCT's online platform, you will comply with this.


The EU Circular Economy Action Plan is a transformative initiative that focuses on repair, re-use and recycling to reduce waste and promote sustainability. Within this framework, Europallets play a crucial role as a symbol of the principles of the circular economy. The legislative measures and discussions surrounding the mandatory reuse of pallets highlight the EU's commitment to achieving these goals.

Companies should understand the importance of Europallet quality to ensure their long-term use and consider the environmental benefits of adopting reuse as standard practice. Also from a cost-efficiency standpoint. By supporting these initiatives and making informed choices regarding pallets, we can collectively contribute to a more sustainable and resource-efficient future, the easy way.

Share this article: